Properties of zirconia

Recently zirconia has emerged as a versatile and promising material among dental ceramics, due to its excellent mechanical properties owing to the trans-formation toughening mechanism. Zirconia (ZrO2) is a white crystalline oxide of zirconium.1 Zirconia is a polycrystalline ceramic without a glassy phase and exists in several forms Zirconia has mechanical properties similar to those of stainless steel. Its resistance to.

Zirconium Dioxide (Zirconia): Properties, Production and Applications. Zirconium dioxide,. Zirconia has excellent mechanical properties, with higher strength and fracture toughness than alumina. It is also used in milling machines, sliding parts and cutting blades. Zirconia exhibits great heat insulation, as its thermal conductivity is less than 1/10 that of other ceramics. Configuration Other Metaphysical Properties. As a stone of Ascension, Cubic Zirconia has a strong detachment from its original material form, or ego. Because of this departure, the energy and vibration of the Cubic Zirconia is undetectable to many. It is said to feel lifeless by those who are anchored to rules and doctrines

  1. The fundamental properties of zirconia ceramics which are of interest to the engineer or designer.
  2. Zirconia products are characterised by good mechanical properties and stability at high temperatures, strong thermal and corrosion resistance, chemical inertness and consistent quality. This makes them ideal for use in a wide range of refractory products, ceramic colours and pigments and electronic applications
  3. Zirconia is a chemical oxide that has low cytotoxicity, is insoluble in water, and therefore reduces the bacterial adhesion. ZrO 2 has a wide use in dental implants. Zirconia implants are biocompatible and resistant to corrosion. Also, they have high fracture resistance and bioinert materials; hence, their encapsulation by animal tissues is low
  4. a & zirconia ceramic materials at Modern Ceramics Manufacturing in San Jose, CA. Call Us 408.383.0554 SUBMIT RF

Basic properties and types of zirconia: An overvie

  1. a Toughened Zirconia (ATZ). Other grades of zirconia are available. PROPERT
  2. eral baddeleyite. A dopant stabilized cubic structured zirconia, cubic zirconia, is synthesized in various colours for use as a gemstone and a diamond simulant
  3. Zirconium is a durable, ductile, malleable, and lustrous silver-grey metal. It shares some physical properties with titanium. Moreover, Zirconium has extreme resistance to corrosion and heat. Besides, it is lighter than steel and has similar durability like copper

Zirconium Dioxide Properties, Production and Applications

  1. Zirconium Oxide Material Properties. Zirconium Oxide (ZrO 2), also known as Zirconia, is a ceramic highly resistant to corrosion, abrasion, and stress from repetitive collisions due to the properties of corrosion resistance, heat resistance and high hardness, durability, and strength.Zirconia Oxide has the highest strength and toughness at room temperature of all the advanced ceramic materials
  2. Zirconia dental auxiliary components • Orthodontic brackets: • enhanced strength, superior resistance to deformation and wear, reduced plaque adhesion, and improved esthetics, good sliding properties with arch wires. • bond strength.. acceptable (using light-cured adhesives) , however, bond failure is detected at the bracket/adhesive.
  3. Physical properties of Zirconium The element is a gray-white, lustrous, strong transition metal that forms a variety of organometallic and inorganic compounds. It is highly resistant to corrosion and heat. The hardness of it is similar to that of copper and it is lighter than steel

Mechanical Properties of Zirconium Strength of Zirconium. In mechanics of materials, the strength of a material is its ability to withstand an applied load... Ultimate Tensile Strength of Zirconium. Ultimate tensile strength of Zirconium is 330 MPa. Yield Strength of Zirconium. Yield strength of. PROPERTIES OF ZIRCONIUM 2.1 Physical Properties Zirconium is the 40. th . element in the periodic table. It belongs to the titanium subgroup, subgroup IVB, in which hafnium is also placed. Zirconium occurs naturally in the form of five isotopes with mass numbers of 90, 91, 92, 94 and 96 and corresponding natura Zirconium oxide (ZrO2), or zirconia, is an advanced ceramic material most commonly used in the production of different types of hard ceramics. This material is most widely used for production of various dental implants due to its hardness, chemical unreactivity, and its various biocompatible aspects 3350°F. Characteristics: Mechanical Properties similar to pure zirconium, stronger and less ductile. Excellent corrosion resistance. Less absorption of hydrogen in corrosive water environments than Zircaloy-2. Transparent to thermal energy neutrons. Forms a stable, dense, self-healing oxide layer. Highly anisotropic Zirconium Dioxide Properties & Applications Zirconium dioxide, also known as zirconia and zirconium oxide, is a non-toxic and odorless white solid. Due to its excellent physical and chemical properties, zirconium dioxide is widely used in industry and our daily life

Zirconia (Zirconium Oxide, ZrO2) Fine Ceramics (Advanced

its good dielectric properties (e;20) and thermodynamic stability in contact with the Si substrate. Zirconia is known to have three low-pressure structural phases. The system passes from the monoclinic ground state to a tetragonal phase, and then eventually to a cubic phase, with increasing temperature. The monoclinic phase ~space group C2h 5 or P Cubic Zirconia Properties and Characteristics. Last updated on June 14, 2021. Cubic zirconia is one of the gems people consider a potential alternative to a diamond. Its low cost, durability and visual likeness to the real thing made cubic zirconia gemstones an economically important competitor for diamonds since their production began in 1976 What is zirconia? Zirconium dioxide, whose chemical formula is ZrO2, is the primary oxide of zirconium. Under normal conditions, it is a white, odorless and tasteless crystal, and it is insoluble in water, hydrochloric acid and dilute sulfuric acid. The chemical properties are inactive The zirconia material typically used today by most manufacturers is a tetragonal polycrystalline zirconia, partially stabilized with yttrium oxide. The mechanical properties of zirconia have been extensively investigated in the scientific literature and zirconia clearly measures up to any other equivalent manufactured material

Cubic Zirconia Meaning and Properties for Healin

  1. Physical Properties of Zirconium. Zirconium alloys are composed of 95.5%to 99.2% zirconium and hafnium with a maximum hafnium content of 4.5%. Zirconium mill products are available in two chemical grades each sharing excellent corrosion resistance and also having slightly different physical properties and mechanical properties.Zirconium 702 is commercially pure zirconium.Zirconium 705 is.
  2. construction materials. The wide ranging properties in this group of transformation toughened ZrO 2 high-performance ceramics is based on the numerous variations attainable. First, there is a difference between the two basic materials: the PSZ type and the TZP type. PSZ stands for Partially Stabilized Zirconia and TZP for Tetragonal Zirconia
  3. The Properties Of Zirconium Dioxide Zirconium dioxide is a white heavy amorphous powder, odorless and tasteless, soluble in a mixture of 2 parts sulfuric acid and 1 part water, slightly soluble in hydrochloric acid and nitric acid, slowly soluble in hydrofluoric acid, almost insoluble in water. It is irritating, with a relative density of 5.85, a melting point of 2680 ℃, a boiling point of.
  4. Notably, Zirconium silicate is a component of fire retardant fillers, coatings and sealants. However, Zirconium as a powdered element, is very highly flammable and is used as a component for fireworks! The Cubic Zirconia Metaphysical Properties for Healin

Composition of Zirconium Alloys. Zirconium is usually alloyed with alloyed with niobium or tin to obtain excellent corrosion properties. The Zr + 1% Nb alloy of type N-1 E-110 is used for fuel element claddings. Pure zirconium is a lustrous, grey-white, strong transition metal that resembles hafnium and, to a lesser extent, titanium Abstract - The Zirconia toughened Alumina (ZTA) strength is cocomposites with 0-16 wt % of ZrO 2 were prepared by slurry method and sintered at temperature (T s) 1500°C and 1600°C for 2 hours. The density, porosity, structural properties and mechanical properties of Al 2 O 3-ZrO 2 composites with respect to ZrO

Zirconia – Properties and Applications by Precision CeramicsZirconium Definition, Facts, Symbol, Discovery, Properties

Cubic zirconia (CZ) is the cubic crystalline form of zirconium dioxide (ZrO 2).The synthesized material is hard and usually colorless, but may be made in a variety of different colors. It should not be confused with zircon, which is a zirconium silicate (ZrSiO 4).It is sometimes erroneously called cubic zirconium.. Because of its low cost, durability, and close visual likeness to diamond. Zirconia and ceria-stabilized zirconia (12Ce-TZP) were synthesized by the dicarboxylate coprecipitation technique such as fumarate, succinate, tartarate and adipate. The formation of these dicarboxylate precursors was studied by elemental analysis, thermal analysis and infrared spectroscopy. The precursors were further decomposed at 650oC for 2 hours to form respective zirconia and ceria. Surface properties of dental zirconia ceramics affected by ultrasonic scaling and low-temperature degradation 1. Miyazaki T, Nakamura T, Matsumura H, Ban S, Kobayashi T. Current status of zirconia restoration. J Prosthodont Res. 2. Li RWK, Chow TW, Matinlinna JP. Ceramic dental biomaterials and. The structure, stability, and electronic properties of a series of zirconia nanoparticles between 1.5 and 2 nm in size, (ZrO2±x)n within the n = 13 to n = 85 range, have been investigated through density functional theory (DFT) based calculations. On the methodological side we compare results obtained with standard DFT functionals with the DFT+U approach and with hybrid functionals. As.

Zirconia - A Comparison of Different Types of Zirconia

Zirconia (ZrO2), also named as ceramic steel, has optimum properties for dental use with superior toughness, strength, and fatigue resistance, in addition to excellent wear properties and biocompatibility. The introduction of zirconia based ceramics as restorative dental materials has generated considerable interest in the dental community Titanium and zirconium oxides are very promising candidates for future technology of thin layers because of their interesting mechanical, thermal and chemical properties. Titanium oxide (TiO2) is a cheap, non-toxic, and non-biodegradable material, besides their widely uses in various industries [10] Technical zirconia ceramics are subsequently partially-stabilised with a regent like yttria (Y 2 O 3), which helps to maintain the outstanding mechanical qualities up to maximum operating temperatures of approximately 1000°C (1832°F). Hardness is one of the key properties that makes yttria-stabilised zirconia ceramics so desirable. Explaining.

The mechanical properties of zirconia pow-ders with different compositions are evaluated in terms of translucency, sintering density, crystalline phases, structure, bending strength, fracture tough-ness, and impact toughness. In addition, a fracture strength test is carried out on sintered bodies tha Zirconia must be sintered in a vacuum environment, a large number of bubbles will be generated during the sintering process, and in a vacuum environment, the bubbles are easily discharged from the molten porcelain body, which increases the density of zirconia, thereby increasing the zirconia The semi-permeability and mechanical properties transparent zirconia ceramics of high strength were developed. Their optical and mechanical properties were comprehensively studied, and the effects of the microstructure on these properties were discussed. 2.Experimental Sample preparation High-purity 10 mol% yttria-doped zirconia powder made by hydrolysis process 20 was used as a starting. The natural form of zirconia, known as baddelyite, contains approximately 2% HfO 2 (hafnium oxide), which is very similar to zirconia in structure and chemical properties. ZR 4 + ions have a coordination number of seven for the oxygen ions occupying tetrahedral interstices, with the average distance between the zirconia ion and three of the.

Point defects and diffusion - презентация онлайнZIRKONZAHN: PRETTAU® ZIRCONIA FOR MONOLITHIC DESIGN - The

What is Zirconia? What is Zirconia used for? Zircon

Zirconia properties 1. Physical properties In the ceramic classification, zirconia (ZrO 2) is characterized by favorable mechanical properties (toughness: 9-10 MPa√m, flexural strength: 900-1200 MPa, Young's modulus: 210 GPa) (Malkondru et al 2016). Previous studies have reported that Al2O3 in zirconia can als Alumina-Zirconia (Al2O3-ZrO2) composites especially Zirconia Toughened Alumina (ZTA) shows better mechanical properties over alumina. Al2O3-ZrO2 composites were prepared by powder compaction method varying 3 mol% yttria stabilized zirconia (3Y-ZrO2) content from 0 to 20 vol% using small amount of MgO as sintering aid. The composites were sintered for two hours in air at 1580°C mechanical and microstructural properties of monolithic zirconia crowns. Material testing was performed to evaluate the influence of sintering temperature, additional heat treatment, coloring procedure and autoclaving-induced low-temperature degradation (LTD) on the biaxial flexural strength o To estimate time‐dependent changes in zirconia over a longer period, zirconia pieces were placed in 95°C saline solution for over 3 years and their mechanical properties examined at chosen intervals. No serious decrease of bending strength was found over the 3‐year period under these conditions

High translucency zirconia can be used for monolithic, fully anatomical restorations, and it is also suitable for layered restorations. It has similar wear properties to previous forms of zirconia, and its smoothness isn't affected as it ages. The smooth surface of high translucent zirconia's prevents excessive abrasion to the opposing. This article will elaborate on the properties and applications of yttria stabilized zirconia nanoparticles. Zirconia (zirconium oxide) is a crystalline oxide which exists in three phases with different crystal structures depending on the temperature - monoclinic, tetragonal, and cubic. There is a significant volume change associated with the. Fundamental properties of Zirconium Oxide: Zirconia is a highly refractory material. It offers great chemical and corrosion inertness. High density. Chemical inertness. Low thermal conductivity. Ionic electrical conduction. Resistance to molten metals. High hardness

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Zirconia - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

mina [12-15] and silica [1]. Zirconium oxide (zirconia, ZrO2) is a metal oxide that has attracted interest as an inorganic filler material for developing polymer nanocompos-ites [16]. The incorporation of zirconia nanoparticles has been investigated and found to enhance some mechanical properties of PMMA resins [12,15-18]. Zirconia has. Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanical properties of high-impact (HI) heat-cured acrylic resin (PMMA) reinforced with silane-treated zirconia nanoparticles. Methods: Forty-five PMMA specimens reinforced with zirconia were fabricated and divided into three groups: Pure HI PMMA (control group), PMMA reinforced with 3 wt.% of non-silanised zirconia nanoparticles. What is Zirconium. Zirconium is a chemical element with atomic number 40 which means there are 40 protons and 40 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Zirconium is Zr.. Zirconium is a lustrous, grey-white, strong transition metal that resembles hafnium and, to a lesser extent, titanium

Alumina & Zirconia Ceramic Properties Modern Ceramic

However, there is a lack of scientific information regarding whether or not monolithic zirconia crowns can function with sufficient durability, especially in the molar regions. The overall aim of this thesis was to analyze factors that would affect mechanical and microstructural prope rties of monolithic zirconia crowns zirconia restorations when compared to metal-ceramic (6). Those failures may be due to an inadequate bond strength between core and veneer (2), poor mechanical properties of the porcelain veneers for zirconia (1), insufficient support by the framework due to inadequate non-anatomical design (7), increased thickness of th Coloured Zirconia Ceramics. Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) ceramics have uses in a variety of industries - from intricate components and features used in the creation of jewelry and watches, to super tough, hardwearing structural ceramics for extreme environments. In the case of watch-making and jewelry, mechanical and optical properties are. We report a detailed survey of the calculated bulk properties of zirconia using GGA and meta-GGA functionals (PBE, PBEsol, RPBE, and TPSS), dispersion (Grimme's D2 and D3 approach), and on-site Coulomb repulsion correction (U = 2-8 eV).Structural, elastic, mechanical, and dielectric properties, as well as energetics, electronic structure, and phonon dispersion curves were computed and.

Zirconium dioxide - Wikipedi

ture and properties of zirconia ceramics can be explored according to the regulated doping amount of Nd 2O 3. (a) Masses of the initial raw materials required for each component are weighed in accordance with the stoichiometric ratio. The instrument used is a YP-2001N electronic precision bal The zirconium in the alloy gives higher mechanical properties as well as reduces the melting temperature (along with titanium), further stabilization, and improved corrosion resistance Physical properties. Zirconium is a hard, grayish-white, shiny metal. Its surface often has a flaky-like appearance. It also occurs in the form of a black or bluish-black powder. It has a melting point of 1,857°C (3,375°F) and a boiling point of 3,577°C (6,471°F. Its density is 6.5 grams per cubic centimeter Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) is a widely recognized ceramic of distinct electrical, mechanical and optical properties. Although YSZ is an intrinsically paramagnetic solid, it could potentially transform to a magnetic semiconductor by incorporating in its crystalline structure isolated atoms bearing unpaired valence electrons. Based on this hypothesis and motivated by the latest advances on. The purpose of this article is to give information about the basic properties of dental zirconia implants and present 3 cases treated with two-piece zirconia implants. Two-piece zirconia dental implants, 4.0 mm diameter and 11.5 mm in length, were inserted into maxillary incisor region. They were left for 6 months to osseointegrate

Zirconium - Properties, Occurrence, Isotopes, Applications

Zircon, Zirconium, Zirconia and CZ. There is much public confusion between four materials: zircon, zirconium, zirconia and cubic zirconia. Summary definitions of these terms are provided below. Zircon is a naturally occurring mineral with a chemical composition of ZrSiO 4. Zirconium is a silvery white metal and a chemical element. It has an. RESEARCH AND EDUCATION Comparison of the mechanical properties of translucent zirconia and lithium disilicate Sung Joon Kwon,a Nathaniel C. Lawson, DMD, PhD,b Edward E. McLaren, DDS, MDC,c Amir H. Nejat, DDS, MS,d and John O. Burgess, DDS, MSe Presented at the American Association of Dental Research Annual Session, Los Angeles, Calif., March 2016 6. Uses of Zirconium in the Field of Zirconium Silicate. Zirconium silicate is an important variety of traditional zirconium products. As a high-quality and inexpensive ceramic glaze opacifier, it is mainly used in the production of colored glaze for architectural ceramics, daily-use ceramics, and electric porcelain Density, porosity, grain size, and the chemical nature of the material influence not only the optical but also the mechanical properties. 6,8,12,35,36 Thus, the aim of this study was to compare one monolithic zirconia material with two conventional zirconia materials in terms of their mean roughness (Ra), Vickers hardness (VHN), topography. The new translucent zirconia has a weaker mechanical property compared with 3Y-TZP, due to the reduction of phase transformation toughening. When a fissure is initiated, tetragonal zirconia undergoes tetragonal → monoclinic transformation with a 3-5% expansion in the grain volume to stop the crack propagation, which is the crucial reason.

Zirconium Oxide Material Properties Imetra, Inc

Ten zirconia powders have been characterized by XRD, FT-IR / FT-FIR and Raman skeletal spectroscopies and DR-UV electronic spectroscopy.The vibrational features of a yttria-stabilized cubic zirconia and of tetragonal, monoclinic and tetragonal + monoclinic pure zirconia mixtures have been discussed. Assignments for the vibrational features of cubic and tetragonal samples are proposed To evaluate the biological properties and toxicity of the polybenzoxazine-based composite samples reinforced with zirconia particles, 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay was conducted. The micromechanical properties of each composite were evaluated by more than 20 nanoindentation tests and 3 nanoscratching tests Finally, we have two zirconium materials with extreme properties, one which it displays when very cold, the other when it is heated to high temperatures. The first is a zirconium-niobium alloy which becomes superconducting below 35 Kelvin (- 238 o C) in other words it will conduct electricity with no loss of energy this paper, we referred to zirconia with higher translucency as translucent zirconia, and to the zirconia for core fabrication as non-translucent traditional zirconia. However, the mechanical properties of translucent zirconia still need verification. Also, due to the high strength of these translucent Y-TZP zirconia materials, it i

3 Unique Properties of Zirconium Hydroxide. Zirconium Hydroxide is a crystalline zirconium solution used in high pH environments. It's water soluble and often sold as zirconium hydroxide, hydrate. Its linear formula is Zr (OH) 4 and like other hydroxide compounds, it has a litany of properties and uses Zirconium dioxide, commonly known as zirconia, is an interesting material and is receiving growing attention due to its excellent mechanical properties. The solid was characterized for surface area measurements, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Energy dispersive X-ray diffractometry (EDX) and potentiometric titrations. Surface titrations were carried out at the temperature range 303 to 323K. Zirconium is a soft, ductile and malleable metal that is highly resistant to corrosion by alkalis, acids, salt water and other agents, and hence it is used for a variety of high temperature applications. Zirconium nanoparticles are lighter and less susceptible to embrittlement by hydrogen. Chemical Properties Zirconia. Zirconium is an element that is part of the ceramic ZrO 2 , called zirconia.Zirconia is used to make very sharp ceramic knives. It is also very resistant to high temperatures, so it is. In zirconia (zirconium dioxide, ZrO 2), which also possesses this structure, a great number of vacancies can be formed by doping, or carefully inserting ions of a different element into the composition.These vacancies become mobile at high temperatures, imparting oxygen-ion conductivity to the material and makin

TABLE 22.46: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ZIRCONIUM ALLOYS AT ROOM TEMPERATURE Material. Nominal composition. Condition. 0.1% proof stress MPa. UTS MPa. Elongation %. Macro-hardness HV. Reference. Zr (ex iodide) >99.9% purity Impurities in ppm by wt O 2 65, N 2 15, H 2 12, Hf 35, Ni 20. Crystal bar, cold rolled and vacuum annealed 2 h at 750 @article{osti_1259850, title = {Mechanical properties of zirconium alloys and zirconium hydrides predicted from density functional perturbation theory}, author = {Weck, Philippe F. and Kim, Eunja and Tikare, Veena and Mitchell, John A.}, abstractNote = {Here, the elastic properties and mechanical stability of zirconium alloys and zirconium hydrides have been investigated within the framework.

Prettau® Zirconia | Zirkonzahn Worldwide

Properties. Zirconium dioxide is one of the most studied ceramic materials. Pure ZrO2 has a monoclinic crystal structure at room temperature and transitions to tetragonal and cubic at increasing temperatures. The volume expansion caused by the cubic to tetragonal to monoclinic transformation induces very large stresses, and will cause pure ZrO2. Zirconia or zirconium dioxide (ZrO 2) is a highly attractive ceramic material in prosthodontics due to its excellent mechanical properties related to transformation toughening, which are the highest ever reported for any dental ceramic and enhanced natural appearance compared to metal-ceramics [1-3]

Zirconium is a naturally occurring element with an atomic number of 40 and is a transitional metal found in nature as the mineral Zircon. It is purified to Zirconium, a silver-colored metal that is corrosion-resistant and has properties like titanium. When combined with oxygen, it forms zirconia, a strong and highly biocompatible ceramic Six thermophysical properties of both solid and liquid zirconium measured using the high-temperature electrostatic levitator at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory are presented. These properties are density, thermal expansion coefficient, constant pressure heat capacity, hemispherical total emissivity, surface tension, and viscosity physical and mechanical properties. Zircadyne 702 Zirconium is commercially pure. Zircadyne 705 zirconium is alloyed with niobium to increase its strength and improve its formability. Table 1 shows the chemical composition of Zircadyne alloys. The presence o Raman spectra of zirconium oxychloride crystalline hydrate and its deuteroanalogs in the 50-4000 cm/sup -1/ region have been obtained and examined. They have been compared with the spectra of solutions. In the region of nu/sub Zr-O/ vibrations the Raman spectrum of the solution has been resolved into its components with the aid of a computer Mechanical and Superelastic Properties of Au-51Ti-18Co Biomedical Shape Memory Alloy Heat-Treated at 1173 K to 1373 K p.141 Mechanical Properties of Nanoceramic Zirconia Coatings on NiTi Orthodontic Wire

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Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) is a very well-known oxide ion conductor that is used as the solid electrolyte in solid oxide fuel cells and oxygen gas sensors. 1-3 It usually takes the form of a high-density ceramic in which the bulk resistance in series with a grain boundary resistance gives the overall sample resistance. 4 In almost all cases, the grain boundary resistance is present and. Zirconium Alloys. Pure zirconium is a lustrous, grey-white, strong transition metal that resembles hafnium and, to a lesser extent, titanium. Zirconium is mainly used as a refractory and opacifier, although small amounts are used as an alloying agent for its strong resistance to corrosion. Zirconium and its alloys are widely used as a cladding. The current usage of Zr is synthetic polymer filler in thermoplastic zirconia. The fundamental use of Zr as an additive to PU is to boost the mechanical properties and to enhance the crystallinity . In a recent study, recently, the synthesis of non-isocyanate-based polyurethane (NIPU) has resulted in creating a new type of PUs; however, the. The paper summarizes current data on ceramic zirconia-graphene composites. Basic types of graphene-containing additives and the main approaches for composite synthesis are considered. The effect of the additive type and synthesis procedure on the composite structure, mechanical (microhardness and crack resistivity) and electrical (conductivity at room and at elevated temperature) properties of. Zirconia thickness, Y 2 O 3 content, and sintering conditions are important parameters that influence the translucency of the restorations. It is crucial to investigate monolithic zirconia ceramics under different sintering regimes and reveal the critical parameters for dental restorations

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